book-fittings for old and new books
Originally, book-fittings were pieces of metal for leather-covered bindings in the Middle Ages. These were made by chasers, gold- and silversmiths. At that time, books were rare and precious. The hand-written books of the Middle Ages were principally kept lying. Fittings were used to protect and to decorate the magnificent bindings of that time.
During the 16th and 17th century, the book-fittings were used less than before, because due to the rising number of books, it was in use to keep them standing up. Preponderant, only parochial registers, bibles and songbooks got metal-book-edges and clasps.
At that time not the bookbinders themselves but independent artisans, who were working exclusively with metal, made and distributed the fittings. The bookbinders didn't have much influences on decoration. During the 16th and 17th century, the occupational group of the brass-founders made a large number of products for practical use, e. g. buckles for clothes, fittings for household-effects, buttons and book-fittings. The brass-founders revised the so-called not-precious metal like copper, brass and bronze which they formed to useful pieces of metal by founding, pressing and enchasing.
Today's bookbinders and bookrestaurateurs only need spares for damaged books. Usually, single pieces like book-hooks, clasps, middleparts, thorns, cover-sheets or book-edges are missing. These are culled out embossed and enchased out of sheet-brass with a great expenditure of time.
Because of today's founding-methods, old historical forms can be made very precisely. But the metal-founding-method only pays for larger numbers of pieces.
The bookbinder's shop Müller has been restoring books for lots of years and is therefore permanently confronted with the problem of the missing bookfittings. For this reason, the company is exerted for cheap imitations of old fittings. Eversince, well-conserved fittings are mould and new pieces are developed. The development and moulding is expensive, but the frequent use of the forms reduces the price by the piece to a reasonable price.
For two years, the bookbinder's shop Müller offers book-fittings in brass- and silver-founding as help for its colleagues. The supply contains a large variety of details: simple covers as well as hooks of fastenings and precious book-edges with jewels. For bookrestaurateurs and bookbinders, the order by catalogue means saving costs and time because of the possibility of delivering immediately. And that's an embellishment and a completation for the valuable book of the "ultimate consumer".
This cost-effective production of book-fittings can create new openings for all colleagues in the occupation-group of the bookbinders. The fittings can be used very good for new valuable visitors' books, cassettes, briefcases, bibles and books.